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allPandemics and COVID-19Social and Emotional Learning
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What Is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is the short name for “COrona VIrus Disease 2019.” It started in the year 2019. The disease is caused by a tiny germ, or virus. Scientists call it SARS-CoV-2. Most people just call it the “new coronavirus.”

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How Does the Virus Make People Sick?

The coronavirus invades cells in the nose and throat first. It uses the spikes on its surface to get inside the cells. Think of using a key to unlock a door. Once inside, the virus forces the cells to make new copies of the virus. These copies break the host cells open and go on to infect…

Estimated Reading Time: 3 minutes (254 words)

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How Can We Recognize and Treat COVID-19?

If you have a fever, cough, or your head and body hurt, you may have COVID-19. There is a special test to see if you have COVID-19. Your parents can call your doctor to see if you need the test. If you do, a nurse will stick a cotton swab far up your nose to get a sample. They can test…

Estimated Reading Time: 3 minutes (268 words)

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How Can I Be Brave?

You might feel scared about getting sick. You may worry that people you love will get the disease or even die. It’s okay to feel that way. A lot of grownups feel scared and worried, too. Talk to a parent or caregiver about your feelings. They can help you understand what is going on. They…

Estimated Reading Time: 3 minutes (260 words)

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Think about Friend Safety

There are lots of things you can do at home while keeping yourself and others safe.

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Good News! Antibodies

People who have recovered from COVID-19 have antibodies in their blood. Antibodies are proteins made by cells in the immune system. They help fight the virus.

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What is a Pandemic?

Do you remember your last cold? How did it start? Itchy throat? Stuffy nose? Maybe you weren’t even sure you were sick. But soon everything changed. What started small quickly made your whole body sick.

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Pandemics through Time

Pandemics have been around for a long time. They spread when people travel throughout the world. One of the worst pandemics was the Black Death. Traders in the mid-1300s brought spices from Asia to Europe. They also brought bacteria that carried the Black Death to Europe and other areas.

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How Pandemics Spread

How do pandemics spread so fast? Often it’s because they are new. After people fight off a virus, they are immune for a time. That means they can’t catch it again. When many people are immune to a virus, it can’t spread well. Immune people can’t catch it. Others don’t catch it because…

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Fighting Pandemics

The first step in fighting a new virus is to stop its spread. Sick people stay where they won’t get others sick. Health workers find people who could have been exposed to the virus. Those people may go into quarantine. They also stay away from others for a time. If they stay well long…

Estimated Reading Time: 5 minutes (375 words)

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